Adjusted gender pay gap published by GEOSTAT for the first time
The gender pay gap is an important indicator of wage-related gender inequality, and it clearly shows the existence of complex social factors contributing to such inequality.
UN Women has been working on the gender pay gap in Georgia since 2018, providing significant support to relevant agencies. As a result of this support, the country has been a member of the Equal Pay International Coalition (EPIC) since 2021, which highlights the urgency of collecting and publishing relevant statistics even more.
In response to this urgency, a collaboration began between the National Statistics Office of Georgia (Geostat) and UN Women, resulting in Geostat publishing the adjusted gender pay gap for the first time on 24 February 2022. Importantly, this calculation reflects the pay gap in consideration of demographics and job characteristics.
According to the presented data, the adjusted hourly gender pay gap equalled 15.9 per cent in 2020. The same indicator calculated at the monthly level equalled 21.4 per cent. It is noteworthy that according to economic activity in Georgia, the highest hourly gender pay gap was observed in the service sector and equalled 16.8 per cent. This indicator in the industry sector equalled 15.4 per cent, while it was 13.2 per cent in the construction sector. It should be noted that for all sectors, the adjusted monthly gender pay gap was higher than the adjusted hourly gender pay gap, which frequently is caused by the unpaid housework of women.
According to Gogita Todradze, Executive Director of Geostat, Georgia is the first country in the region to start producing official statistics on the adjusted gender pay gap, further remarking: “The adjusted gender pay gap represents progress with regard to the development of gender statistics. It is an important step towards identifying the gender barriers in the labour market, which will help to take measures to promote women’s economic empowerment and reduce gender inequality.”
The calculation of the adjusted gender pay gap was fully based on the Labour Force Survey conducted by Geostat, which interviews more than 15,000 respondents quarterly. It is noteworthy that during the preparatory phase, with the assistance of UN Women, existing sources of labour remuneration data were assessed, and the availability of characteristics that are important determinants of the gender pay gap were analysed as well.
The initiatives implemented for the elimination of the gender pay gap are part of the UN Women project “Women’s Economic Empowerment in the South Caucasus”, funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the Austrian Development Agency (ADA).